I. Перепишите следующие предложения,
подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видо-временную
форму и залог.
Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе (В)
обратите внимание на особенности перевода пассивных конструкций.
А) 1. If Martin does not win, it will be
2. He liked( Past Simple Active)music, but the
piece she was playinghad no melody for him
3. Is the development of robots that will
solve some very difficult problems of industry.
4. While Jack was sitting biting his nails, we were
working out a plan to cover up our traces.
B) 1. Thousands of messages from all parts of the body
to and from the brain.
students will be permitted to take exams in December.
3. He was not expected to say that
II. Перепишите следующие
предложения, подчеркните Participle I, Participle II и установите функции
каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или
частью сказуемого. Переведитепредложения на русский язык.
in computer engineeringenter technological institutes.
didn’t pay any attention to the ringing telephone.
I left him.
article discussing the new system of school education appeared in all
III. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните
в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русскийязык.
telegraph wires couldn’t be hung over the ocean, cables had to be laid on the
floor of the Atlantic Ocean.
be free of any political bias.
development of new materials doesn’t mean that old materials should lose their
allowed to continue their research.
plants needn’t much water. That’s why they can grow in the dry desert.
be free tomorrow and he will be able to help you.
IV. Перепишите и письменно
переведите на русский язык.
London is an ancient city. It grew up around
the first point where the Roman invaders found the Thames narrow enough to
build a bridge. They found a small Celtic settlement there and by A.D. 300 they
had turned it into a sizable port and an important trading center with a wall
which enclosed the homes of about 50 000 people.
Some 9 million people now live in London and its
suburbs, and the city covers an area of 620 square miles, making it one of the
largest of the world’s capitals. One reason for its size is that the English
people like to live in small houses and have small gardens. As a result, less
than 5 000 people live in the City of London, while more than half a million
come here to work in the daytime. Today London is the capital of Great Britain
and is also the seat of the Royal Family, the Parliament, the major
administrative bodies and scientific institutions.
The Houses of Parliament stand on the bank of the river
Thames at Westminster Abbey. Actually it is one building but it is called
"Houses” as it consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of
Commons. It was set up in the 13th century.
At one end of the Houses of Parliament there is a tower with a large clock. The
largest bell, known as Big Ben, chimes in the hour.
Westminster Abbey was a monastery built in the 8th century. It is one of the best
examples of the Early English architecture. The kings and queens of England are
buried there. Many great statesmen, writers and poets are also buried there.
In the center of London there is one of the most
beautiful squares- Trafalgar Square which was named so to commemorate Nelson’s
victory in the battle of Trafalgar. There is a monument in the center known as
In the vicinity of Trafalgar Square is Whitehall which
is now a street of government offices. Not far from Whitehall is Downing
Street. Number 10 Downing Street is the residence of the Prime Minister of
England. The Cabinet meets there. One must mention the British Museum. It is
one of the most extensive and valuable museums in West Europe. It was founded
in 1753. It also comprises the National Library. There are other numerous
museums and galleries displaying interesting finds from all parts of the world
and from all stages in the development of nature, man and art. There are also
two large opera houses, the National Theatre and 50 other theatres. Monuments
of past greatness are everywhere in London.